Oct 4, 2015

Maharishi Ayurveda Products Pvt. ... vs Department Of Income Tax on 30 April, 2015

Income Tax Appellate Tribunal - Delhi
Maharishi Ayurveda Products Pvt. ... vs Department Of Income Tax on 30 April, 2015
                                                          ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013


                IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL
                      DELHI BENCH "E", NEW DELHI
         BEFORE SHRI S.V. MEHROTRA, ACCOUNTANT MEMBER
                                  AND
                  SHRI H.S. SIDHU, JUDICIAL MEMBER
                       I.T.A. No. 4601/DEL/2013
                              A.Y. : 2009-10
ACIT, CIRCLE-(1), N. DELHI                   M/S MAHARISHI AYURVEDA
ROOM NO. 413, CR BUILDING,             VS. PRODUCTS PVT. LTD.,
I.P. ESTATE, NEW DELHI                       A-14, MATHURA ROAD,
                                             MOHAN CO. OP. INDL.
                                             ESTATE,
                                             NEW DELHI - 110 044
                                             (PAN: AACCM5403A)
(APPELLANT)                                    (RESPONDENT)

        Department by                 :    Sh. K.K. JAISWAL, SR. D.R.
         Assessee by                  :    Sh. S.K. GARG, ADV. & SH.
                                           AKARSH GARG, ADV.


                      Date of Hearing : 23-04-2015
                      Date of Order       : 30-04-2015


                             ORDER
PER H.S. SIDHU : JM This appeal by the Revenue is directed against the Order of the Ld. Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals)-IX, New Delhi dated 20.5.2013 pertaining to assessment year 2009-10 on the following grounds:-

"The DCIT/ACIT Circle-6(1), New Delhi is hereby directed to file an appeal in above mentioned case before the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, New Delhi on the following grounds(s) of appeal:-
ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013
1. Whether in the facts and circumstances of the case, the Ld. CIT(A) erred in deleting the addition made on account of deemed dividend u/s. 2(22)(e) of the I.T. Act, 1961 for a sum of Rs. 1,56,81,039/- on the ground that Assessing Officer could not prove the third limb of section ignoring the fact, mentioned by the Assessing Officer in the assessment order, and that benefit could be accrued direct or indirect.
2. Whether in the facts and circumstances of the case, the Ld. CIT(A) deleted the above disallowance without providing the Assessing Officer any opportunity to rebut, as per the provision of Rule 46A, on the submission of the assessee that details were filed during the course of assessment.
3. That the order of the Ld. CIT(A) is erroneous and is not tenable on facts and in law.
4. That the grounds of appeal are without prejudice to each other.
5. That the appellant craves leave to add, alter, amend or forgo any ground(s) of the appeal raised above at the time of the hearing."
2. The brief facts of the case are that the assessee company was engaged in the business of manufacturing exporting and dealing in all kinds of ayurvedic and herbal preparations. The return of income for the AY 2009-10 was filed on 30.3.2010 declaring an ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 income of Rs. 3,76,95,433/-. The same was processed u/s. 143(1) of the Act. Subsequently, the case was selected for scrutiny through CASS and statutory notice u/s. 143(2) dated 20.8.2010 was issued and served. The assessment was completed u/s. 143(3) vide order dated 29.12.2011 by the AO at the income of Rs. 5,33,76,472/- making the various additions.

3. Against the assessment order, assesse appeal before the Ld. CIT(A), who vide impugned order dated 20.5.2013 has partly allowed the appeal of the assessee.

4. Aggrieved with the aforesaid impugned order, Revenue is in appeal before the Tribunal.

5. Ld. DR relied upon the order of the Assessing Officer and reiterated the contentions raised by the Revenue in the grounds of appeal.

6. On the contrary, Ld. Counsel of the assessee relied upon the order of the Ld. CIT(A) and submitted that the impugned order of the Ld. CIT(A) may be upheld.

7. We have heard both the parties and perused the orders passed by the Revenue Authorities alongwith documentary evidence filed by the assessee in the shape of Paper Book. The only issue involved in the present Appeal is the addition of Rs. 1,56,81,039/- made by the AO u/s 2(22)(e) of the I.T. Act, 1961. The AO has made the addition in dispute as more than 90% is beneficial and registered ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 share holding in the companies to whom loan has been given by the assessee company is with the family members of Shri Anand Prakash Srivastava and AO has held that the loan or advance was made are liable to be treated as benefit accruing in the case of the assessee who is substantial share holder of the assessee company and thus provisions of section 2(22)(e) is attracted in the case of the assessee. The Ld. CIT(A) has decided the issue in dispute in the appeal filed by the Assessee in his impugned order. For the sake of convenience, the relevant portion of the Ld. CIT(A)'s order from paras 3 to 13 at pages 2 to 11 is reproduced below:-

"3.1 The appellant company was engaged in the business of manufacturing exporting and dealing in all kinds of ayurvedic and herbal preparations. 3.2 The return of income for the AY 2009-10 was filed on 30.3.2010 declaring an income of Rs. 37695433/-. The same was processed u/s. 143(1) of the Act. Subsequently, the case was selected for scrutiny through CASS and statutory notice u/s. 143(2) dated 20.8.2010 was issued and served. The assessment was completed u/s. 143(2) vide order dated 29.12.2011 by the AO at the income of Rs. 53376472/- making the following additions:
ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 3.3. Aggrieved with the above, the appellant filed the present appeal. On behalf of the appellant, Sh. Deepak Jain, CA appeared and made written and oral submissions. The only issue involved is the addition under section 2(22)(e) for the sums aggregating Rs. 1,56,81,039/- paid as loan/advance by the appellant company to as many as 4 person (3 companies and 1 charitable society).
S.No. Company's Opening Paid Received Closing Nature name balance during during the balance of the year year payment made

1. Global 55633463 6946039 12675000 49904502 Loan Diamonds (P) Ltd.

2.       Maharishi        868847      2350000       -          3218847      Advance
         Vedic
         Construction
         Corpn.     (P)
         Ltd.
3.       Golden           40626000 385000           -          41011000     Advance
         Glades Ltd.
4.       SRM              -           6000000       -          6000000      Loan
         Foundation
         of       India
         (Charitable)
         Total (Rs.)      97128310 15681039 12675000 100134349



4. The AO has made the said addition as more than 90% beneficial and registered share holding in the companies to whom loan has been given by the assessee company is with the family members of Shri Anand Prakash Srivastava, therefore, the AO held that the loan or advance so made, are ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 liable to be treated as a benefit accruing to Sh. Anand Prakash Srivastava who is substantial share holder of the appellant company and thus provisions of section 2(22)(e) are attracted in the present case.

5. The provision of section 2(22)(e) reads as under:- "2(22)"dividend includes

(a) to (d)............

(e) any payment by a company, not being a company in which the public are substantially interested, of any sum (whether as representing a part of the assets of the company or otherwise) by way of advance or loan to a shareholder, being a person who has a substantial interest in the company, by the Finance Act, 1987, w.e.f. 1.4.1988 (made after the 31st day of May, 1987), by way of advance or loan to a shareholder, being a person who is the beneficial owner of shares (not being shares entitled to a fixed rate of dividend whether with or without a right to participate in profits) holding not less than ten per cent of the voting power, or to any concern, in which such shareholder is a member or a partner and in which he has a substantial interest (hereafter in this clause referred to as the said concern) or any payment by any such company on behalf, or for the individual benefit, of any such shareholder, to ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 the extent to which the company in either case possesses accumulated profits;

5.1 The three limbs of section 2(22(e) are as follows:

"Any payment by a company, not being a company in which the public are substantially interested, of any sum (whether as representing a part of the assets of the company or otherwise) made after the May 31, 1987, by way of advance or loan.
First limb:-
(a) to a shareholder, being a person who is the beneficial owner of shares (not being shares entitled to a fixed rate of dividend whether with or without a right to participate in profits) holding not less than ten per cent of the voting power, Second limb:-
(b) or to any concern, in which such shareholder is a member or a partner and in which he has a substantial interest (hereafter in this clause referred to as the said concern).
Third limb:-
ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013
(c) or any payment by any such company on behalf, or for the individual benefit, of any such shareholder, to the extent to which the company in either case possesses accumulated profits;
5.2 The provisions of section 2(22)(e) create a fiction bringing in amount paid otherwise than as dividend, into the net of dividends. Therefore, this clause must be given a strict interpretation as has been held by the Hon'ble Supreme Court in the case of CIT v. C. P. Sarathy Mudaliar [1972] 83 ITR 170(SC) Rameshwarlal Sanwarmal v. CIT [1980] 122 ITR 1 (SC)

6. It is seen that Shri Anand Prakash Srivastava is the beneficial owner and registered share holder, holding 99.9% of voting power of the assessee company; he is the substantial shareholder of the assessee company.

6.1 It now has to be seen whether • loans and advances have been given to him as per clause (a), ⦁ or to any concern in which Shri. Anand Prakash Srivastava is a member or a partner and in which he has a substantial interest as per clause (b), ⦁ any person on behalf of or for the individual benefit of Shri. Anand Prakash Srivastava (c) ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 6.2 Loans or advance have not been made by the appellant company to Shri Anand Prakash Shrivastava therefore, condition No. (a) is not attracted in the present case. 6.3 The shareholding pattern of three companies to whom loans and advances have been given, on account of which addition under section 2(22)(e) has been made is as under: A. Global Diamonds Pvt. Ltd.

_________________________________________________________________ SI. Name of the No. of equity Paid-up. % age of No. Shareholder share of Rs.10 share capital holding each

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(i) Anand Prakash 3,93,300 39,33,000 19.66% Shrivastava (ii J.P. Shrivastava 3,21,250 32,12,500 16.06% (iii Ram Shrivastava 2,89,130 28,91,300 14.46%

(iv) Nishi Srivastava 1,44,665 14,46,650 7.23%

(v) Aditi Srivastava 1,44,565 14,45,650 7.23% (vi Amrita Srivastava 1,44,565 14,45,650 7.23% (vii Richa Srivastava 1,44,565 14,45,650 7.23%

(viii) Ajay Srivastava 1,44,565 14,45,650 7.23% (ix Sanjay Srivastava 1,28,500 12,85,000 6.43% ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 Others 1,44,895 14,48,950 7.24% Total 20,00,000 2,00,00,000 100.00% B.

Maharishi Vedic Construction Corporation (P) Ltd.

SI.          Name of the           No. of equity           Paid-up        % age of
No.          Shareholder           share of Rs.10 share                   holding
                                    each                   capital
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(i) Maharishi Global 2,95,99,358                  29,59,93,580           99.994%
    Construction Ltd. *
(ii) Anand Prakash 1,000                          10,000                 00.003%
     Shrivastava
(iii) Others            1,070                     10,700                 00.003%
     Total           2,96,01,428                29,60,14,280             100.000%
* Note : Shri Anand Prakash Shrivastava does not hold                                    any
equity shares in Maharishi Global Construction ltd.
C. Golden - Global Glades Ltd

SI.          Name of the           No. of equity          Paid-up        % age of
No.          Shareholder           share of Rs.10 share                  holding
                                   each                   capital
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(i) Anand Prakash 19,746 1,97,460 4.562% Shrivastava

(ii) Hima Srivastava 42,900 4,29,000 9.911 %

(iii)Ram Srivastava 42,900 4,29,000 9.911%

(iv)Nishi Srivastava 49,500 4,95,000 11.436%

(v) Richa Srivastava 42,900 4,29,000 9.911%

(vi) Pragya Srivastava 42,900 4,29,000 9.911 % ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013

(vii)Others 1,92,014 19,20,140 44.358% Total 4,32,860 43,28,600 100.000% Further, as regards SRM Foundation of India, it is a charitable society duly registered under the Societies Registration Act and also with the Director of Income-tax (Exemption) under section 12A of the Act, wherein family members of Shri. Anand Prakash Srivastava are office bearers/members of the society. 6.4 For condition no. (b) "substantial interest" has to be understood. It has been defined in section 2(32) of the Act, to mean a person beneficially owning at least 20% of its voting power. Section 2(32) reads as under:

"2(32) "person who has a substantial interest in the company", in relation to a company, means a person who is the beneficial owner of shares, not being shares entitled to a fixed rate of dividend whether with or without a right to participate in profits, carrying not less than twenty per cent of the voting power;"
6.5 When the aforesaid situation is applied to the facts of the present case, it is evident that Shri. Anand Prakash Srivastava (who holds 99.9% shares in the appellant company) holds following shareholding / voting power in the three companies and ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 one society in relation to which section 2(22)(e) has been invoked:


SI.        Name of the company/concern    % of Voting Rights/
No.                                       lncome


(i) Global Diamonds (P) Ltd                     19.66%

(ii) Maharishi Vedic Construction               0.003%

      Corpn. (P) Ltd.

(iii) Golden Glades Ltd.                        4.562%

(iv) SRM Foundation of India         Nil, being charitable society

6.6      It is here that the controversy has arisen. The Assessing

Officer is of the opinion that so as to hold whether a person has a substantial interest in a company or not, the holding of all the family members including of Shri Anand Prakash Srivastava is to be seen and clubbed together; and as such shareholding exceeds 20% in all the companies or concerns, therefore, provisions of section 2(22)(e) gets attracted. The percentage of shareholding 1 voting power/ share in the income after clubbing of the share of the family members in the four companies / concern is as under:


SI. No. Name of the company / concern           % of share holding
                                                / voting     rights     /
                                                income
(i)        Global Diamonds (P) Ltd              Above 20%

                                                     ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013


(ii)    Maharishi Vedic Construction
        Corpn. (P) Ltd. only                    .003%
(iii)   Golden Glades Ltd.                      Above 20%

(iv)    SRM Foundation of India                 Nil, being
                                                charitable society
7. The appellant in this regard has contended before me. Further, as regards the inclusion/clubbing of shareholding of family members, that there is nothing in section 2(22)(e) of the Act or section 2(32) of the Act so as to suggest that the holding or ownership of voting rights of the shares held by the family can be taken into consideration for the purposes of determining substantial shareholding of a person/shareholder. The words used are "such shareholder is a member or a partner and in which he has a substantial interest" as appearing in section 2(22)(e) of the Act and "a person who is the beneficial owner of the shares, not being shares entitled to a fixed rate of dividend whether with or without a right to participate in profits, carrying not less than 20% of the voting power" as appearing in section 2(32) of the Act. Thus it is the ownership of the shareholder alone in the company to which the loan/ advance is made by the company, and not his or her relative or family members, which is the determinative factor. Accordingly, inclusion / clubbing of beneficial ownership of family members with that of Shri. Anand Prakash Srivastava is not ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 mandated by the provisions of the Act and thus tantamount to reading a condition which is not there.

It is a trite law that provisions of section 2(22)(e) have to be construed strictly whereas inclusion / clubbing of shareholding of family members will tantamount to creating fiction over fiction. Further, that income tax is a personal tax and is levied on a person in respect of his total income i. e. the income which has arisen, accrued or received or deemed to have arisen accrued or received by him and the income is being computed as per provisions of the Act. Wife, son, daughter and other family members of an assessee are different assessees, independent and distinct persons and entities under the Act and unless the lw prescribes the transactions made by them to be clubbed together while computing the income of the assessee, no cognizance of the shareholding or other transactions thereof could be taken into consideration while computing the income of the assessee. Therefore, the provisions of said section 2(22)(e) are not applicable to the facts of the present case. It is submitted that the loans loans/advances given by the appellant company cannot be termed as having been made for and on behalf of or for the individual benefit of Shri. Anand ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 Prakash Srivastava as envisaged by the provisions of section 2(22)(e) On a perusal of assessment order the AO has nowhere demonstrated or established any nexus between the loans granted by the appellant company vis-à-vis flow of funds to Sh. Anand Prakash Srivastava (shareholder of the appellant company). Therefore, the finding of the Ld. AO in this regard is merely based on assumption and presumption only and deserves to be quashed being based on no evidence .....

Whereas in the present case, there is no finding that loan / advances given by the appellant company to the three companies and one charitable society have reached the hands of APS (a shareholder controlling the appellant company) .....

8. The Special Bench of the Hon'ble ITAT in the case of Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax vs. Bhaumik Colour P. Ltd [2009] 313 ITR (A.T.) 0146 (Mum) (SB) has taken a very strict interpretation of Section 2(22)(e) and has stated as under :-

"Section 2(22) of the Act artificially extends the scope of dividend from being more than only a distribution of ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 profits to cover certain other types disbursements such as loans paid, etc. ........
The new category of payment which was considered as dividend introduced by the Finance Act, 1987, with effect from April 1, 1988, by the second limb of section 2(22)(e) is payment" to any concern in which such shareholder is a member or a partner and in which he has a substantial interest". It is this category of payment with which we are concerned in this reference. The following conditions are required to be satisfied for application of the above category of payment to be regarded as dividend. They are:
" (a) There must be a payment to a concern by a company.

(b) A person must be a shareholder of the company being a registered holder and beneficial owner of shares (not being shares entitled to a fixed rate of dividend whether with or without a right to participate in profits) holding not less than ten per cent of the voting power. This is because of the expression 'such shareholder' found in the relevant provision. This expression only refers to the shareholder referred to in the earlier part of section ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 2(22)(e), viz., a registered and a beneficial holder of shares holding 10% voting power

(c) The very same person referred to in (b) above must also be a member or a partner in the concern holding substantial interest in the concern, viz., when the concern is not a company, he must at any time during the previous year, be beneficially entitled to not less than twenty per cent. of the income of such concern; and where the concern is a company he must be the owner of shares, not being shares entitled to a fixed rate of dividend whether with or without a right to participate in profits, carrying not less than twenty per cent of the voting power.

(d) If the above conditions are satisfied then the payment by the company to the concern will be dividend. The intention behind enacting the provisions of section 2(22)(e) is that closely held companies (i.e., companies in which public are not substantially interested), which are controlled by a group of members, even though the company has accumulated profits would not distribute such profit as dividend because if so distributed the dividend income would become tax-able in the hands of the ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 shareholders. Instead of distributing accumulated profits as dividend, companies distribute them as loan or advances to shareholder or to concern in which such shareholders have substantial interest or make any payment on behalf of or for the individual benefit of such shareholder. In such an event, by the deeming provisions such payment by the company is treated as dividend. The intention behind the provisions of section 2(22)(e) is to tax dividend in the hands of shareholder. The deeming provisions as it applies to the case of loans or advances by a company to a concern in which its shareholder has substantial interest, is based on the presumption that the loan or advances would ultimately be made available to the shareholders of the company giving the loan or advance.

.......

The Apex Court while considering what can come within the artificial definition of dividend under section 2(22) in the case of CIT v. Nalin Behari Lall Singha [1969] 74 ITR 849 (SC) described the scope of the definition of dividend thus "The definition is, it is true, an inclusive definition and a receipt by a shareholder which does not fall within the definition may possibly be regarded as dividend within ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 the meaning of the Act unless the context negatives that view."

8.1 In this case the ratio laid down, in brief, was that the deemed dividend can be assessed only in hands of a person who is a shareholder of lender company and not in hands of a person other than a shareholder . Also expression 'shareholder' referred to in section 2(22)(e) refers to both a registered shareholder and beneficial shareholder and, thus, if a person is a registered shareholder but not beneficial shareholder then provisions of section 2(22)(e) do not apply and similarly if a person is a beneficial shareholder but not a registered shareholder then also provisions of section 2(22)(e) do not apply. The Tribunal thus took a very strict interpretation and went completely by the letter of the provision. As this Section creates a fiction bringing in amounts paid otherwise than as dividends, into the net of dividends, it does not allow for any further interpretation or leeway for creating any further fiction.

9. In Smt. Gunvanti R. Mehta [1993] 45 ITD 382 (BOM) wherein the Tribunal commented on the issue the shares held by the family can be taken into consideration in determining the "substantial interest in the company" held as under:-

ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 "I find that there is nothing in section 2(22)(e) of the Act or section 2(32) of the Act to suggest that the holding or ownership of voting rights of the shares held by the family can be taken into consideration for determining the question as to whether a person is substantially interested in the company or not. The words are "shareholder, being a person who has a substantial interest in the company" as appearing in section 2 (22)(e) of the Act and "a person who is the beneficial owner of shares. not being shares entitled to a fixed rate of dividend whether with or without a right to participate in profits, carrying not less than twenty per cent of the voting power" as appearing in section 2(32) of the Act. It is the ownership of the shareholder alone, to whom the loan/advance is made by the company, and not his or her relative or family member which is the determinative factor. Income-tax is a personal tax and is levied on a person in respect of his total income, i.e., the income which has arisen, accrued or received or deemed to have arisen, accrued or received by him and the amount is the computation as per the provisions of the Act Husband and son of the assessee are different assessee, independent and distinct persons and entitles under the ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 Act and unless the law prescribes the transactions to be looked into together while computing the income of the assessee, no cognizance of the shareholdings or other transactions thereof could be taken into consideration while computing the income of the assessee. No provision has been brought to my notice which authorises the revenue authorities to consider the share holding or ownership of the husband or son as the holding or ownership of the assessee or to include the same for determining the assessee's interest in the company."

10. Following this case, the aforementioned case has correctly brought out that the other relatives of Sh. Anand Prakash Shrivastava are different, distinct and independent assessee under the Act and unless the law prescribes that the transactions / holdings of these persons can be clubbed with that of the majority shareholder, it cannot be done. Accordingly, it is held that in the case at hand that the aforesaid condition No. (b) given in para 5.2 above is not attracted.

11. The AO has not brought out any facts to show that the third limb (c) given in para 5.2 of Section is attracted. Loans / advances given by the appellant company cannot be termed ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 as having been made for an on behalf of or for the individual benefit of Sh. Anand Prakash Srivastava as envisaged by the provisions of section 2(22)(e) unless some transactions to prove this are brought out. The individual benefit of Sh. Anand Prakash Srivastava can said to arise only when such sums have gone to meet the liabilities or make assets for of Sh. Anand Prakash Srivastava. Such nexus between the loans granted by the appellant company to Shri Anand Prakash Srivastava has not been demonstrated or established. Merely his family members being shareholders in these companies does not held establish the nexus or benefit.

12. (wrongly mentioned as 13) Grounds of appeal no. 2, 3 & 4 are allowed. The addition of Rs. 1,56,81,039/- on account of deem dividend u/s. 2(22)(e) is deleted."

7.1 After going through the impugned order passed by the Ld. CIT(A), we are of the view that the AO is of the view that that whether a person has a substantial interest in the company or not, the holding of the family members including the APS is to be seen and clubbed together and as such the share holding receipts of 20% in all the companies or concerns, the provisions of section 2(22)(e) of the I.T. Act gets attracted. In the impugned order the Ld. First ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 Appellate Authority held that there is nothing in section 2(22)(e) of the Act or section 2(32) of the Act so as to suggest that the holding or ownership of voting rights of the shares held by the family can be taken into consideration for the purposes of determining substantial shareholding of a person/shareholder. The words used are "such shareholder is a member or a partner and in which he has a substantial interest" as appearing in section 2(22)(e) of the Act and "a person who is the beneficial owner of the shares, not being shares entitled to a fixed rate of dividend whether with or without a right to participate in profits, carrying not less than 20% of the voting power" as appearing in section 2(32) of the Act. Thus it is the ownership of the shareholder alone in the company to which the loan/ advance is made by the company, and not his or her relative or family members, which is the determinative factor. Accordingly, inclusion / clubbing of beneficial ownership of family members with that of Shri Anand Prakash Srivastava is not mandated by the provisions of the Act and thus tantamount to reading a condition which is not there.

7.2 We find that Ld. CIT(A) has also held that the loan / advance given by the assessee company cannot be termed as having been made for and on behalf or for the individual benefit of APS, as envisaged by the provisions of section 2(22)(e) of the I.T. Act.

ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 7.3 We find that the Ld. CIT(A) has rightly referred the Special Bench of the ITAT in the case of Assistant Commissioner of Income- tax v. Bhaumik Colour P. Ltd [2009] 313 ITR (A.T.) 0146 (Mum) (SB) has taken a very strict interpretation of Section 2(22)(e) and has stated as under :-

"Section 2(22) of the Act artificially extends the scope of dividend from being more than only a distribution of profits to cover certain other types disbursements such as loans paid, etc. ........
The new category of payment which was considered as dividend introduced by the Finance Act, 1987, with effect from April 1, 1988, by the second limb of section 2(22)(e) is payment" to any concern in which such shareholder is a member or a partner and in which he has a substantial interest". It is this category of payment with which we are concerned in this reference. The following conditions are required to be satisfied for application of the above category of payment to be regarded as dividend. They are:
" (a) There must be a payment to a concern by a company.
ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013

(c) A person must be a shareholder of the company being a registered holder and beneficial owner of shares (not being shares entitled to a fixed rate of dividend whether with or without a right to participate in profits) holding not less than ten per cent of the voting power. This is because of the expression 'such shareholder' found in the relevant provision. This expression only refers to the shareholder referred to in the earlier part of section 2(22)(e), viz., a registered and a beneficial holder of shares holding 10% voting power

(c) The very same person referred to in (b) above must also be a member or a partner in the concern holding substantial interest in the concern, viz., when the concern is not a company, he must at any time during the previous year, be beneficially entitled to not less than twenty per cent. of the income of such concern; and where the concern is a company he must be the owner of shares, not being shares entitled to a fixed rate of dividend whether with or without a right to participate in profits, carrying not less than twenty per cent of the voting power.

ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013

(d) If the above conditions are satisfied then the payment by the company to the concern will be dividend. 7.4 We find that the intention behind enacting the provisions of section 2(22)(e) is that closely held companies (i.e., companies in which public are not substantially interested), which are controlled by a group of members, even though the company has accumulated profits would not distribute such profit as dividend because if so distributed the dividend income would become tax-able in the hands of the shareholders. Instead of distributing accumulated profits as dividend, companies distribute them as loan or advances to shareholder or to concern in which such shareholders have substantial interest or make any payment on behalf of or for the individual benefit of such shareholder. In such an event, by the deeming provisions such payment by the company is treated as dividend. The intention behind the provisions of section 2(22)(e) is to tax dividend in the hands of shareholder. The deeming provisions as it applies to the case of loans or advances by a company to a concern in which its shareholder has substantial interest, is based on the presumption that the loan or advances would ultimately be made available to the shareholders of the company giving the loan or advance.

.......

ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 7.5 We note that the Hon'ble Apex Court while considering what can come within the artificial definition of dividend under section 2(22) in the case of CIT v. Nalin Behari Lall Singha [1969] 74 ITR 849 (SC) described the scope of the definition of dividend thus "The definition is, it is true, an inclusive definition and a receipt by a shareholder which does not fall within the definition may possibly be regarded as dividend within the meaning of the Act unless the context negatives that view."

7.6 We also find that the Ld. CIT(A) has relied upon the ITAT case in Smt. Gunvanti R. Mehta [1993] 45 ITD 382 (BOM) wherein the Tribunal commented on the issue the shares held by the family can be taken into consideration in determining the "substantial interest in the company" held as under:-

"I find that there is nothing in section 2(22)(e) of the Act or section 2(32) of the Act to suggest that the holding or ownership of voting rights of the shares held by the family can be taken into consideration for determining the question as to whether a person is substantially interested in the company or not. The words are "shareholder, being a person who has a substantial interest in the company" as appearing in section 2 (22)(e) of the Act and "a person who is the beneficial owner of shares. not being shares entitled to a fixed rate of dividend whether with or without a right to participate in profits, carrying not less than twenty per cent of the ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013 voting power" as appearing in section 2(32) of the Act. It is the ownership of the shareholder alone, to whom the loan/advance is made by the company, and not his or her relative or family member which is the determinative factor. Income-tax is a personal tax and is levied on a person in respect of his total income, i.e., the income which has arisen, accrued or received or deemed to have arisen, accrued or received by him and the amount is the computation as per the provisions of the Act Husband and son of the assessee are different assessee, independent and distinct persons and entitles under the Act and unless the law prescribes the transactions to be looked into together while computing the income of the assessee, no cognizance of the shareholdings or other transactions thereof could be taken into consideration while computing the income of the assessee. No provision has been brought to my notice which authorises the revenue authorities to consider the share holding or ownership of the husband or son as the holding or ownership of the assessee or to include the same for determining the assessee's interest in the company."
8. With regard to ground no 2 is concerned relating to deletion of disallowance without providing the AO any opportunity to rebut, as per the provision of Rule 46A, on the submission of the assessee that details were filed during the course of assessment. In our view, the Ld. CIT(A) has not admitted any additional evidence, on the addition in dispute, hence, the contention raised by the Revenue regarding without providing the AO an opportunity to rebut, as per the provisions of Rule 46A, has no force, therefore, the ground no. 2 raised by the Revenue is hereby dismissed."

ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013

9. Keeping in view of the facts and circumstances of case, as explained above, we are of the considered view that Ld. First Appellate Authority has deleted the addition in dispute by respectfully following the judgment of the Hon'ble Supreme Court in the case of Nalin Behari Lall Singha [1969] 74 ITR 849 (SC) (Supra) and decision of the ITAT, Mumbai, Special Bench in the case of Assistant Commissioner of Income-tax v. Bhaumik Colour P. Ltd [2009] 313 ITR (A.T.) 0146 (Mum) (SB) (Supra), which does need any interference on our part, hence, we uphold the impugned order by dismissing the Appeal filed by the Revenue.

10. In the result, the Appeal filed by the Revenue stands dismissed.

Order pronounced in the Open Court on 30/4/2015.

     Sd/-                                                     Sd/-
[S.V. MEHROTRA]                                         [H.S. SIDHU]
ACCOUNTANT MEMBER                                    JUDICIAL MEMBER
Date 30/4/2015
"SRBHATNAGAR"
Copy forwarded to: -
1.    Appellant
2.    Respondent
3.    CIT
4.    CIT (A)
5.    DR, ITAT
                                  TRUE COPY                    By Order,



                                                       Assistant Registrar,
                                                       ITAT, Delhi Benches





      ITA NO. 4601/Del/2013

Post a Comment